IMAGE CREATION, POST-PRODUCTION & CATEGORY FAQs
CAN THE SAME SUBJECT BE USED?
The purpose of the Awards is to assess visually different images entered by one entrant. While the same subject may be included in more than one entry, it is up to the entrant to ensure each entry is significantly different. While the same subject may be used more than once, if, at awards validation, two or more images are considered to be too similar, the Awards Committee will attempt to contact the photographer to provide a replacement entry. If contact cannot be made in time, the Awards Committee at its discretion will select one and disqualify the second image.
WHAT IS A CORE CATEGORY IN THE EPSON STATE AWARDS?
Core categories are:
(5) Illustrative; and
All categories will be offered at all Epson State Awards. However, if less than three eligible entrants (entering 4 images each) enter a category, that category will be classed as a non-stand-alone category and will be judged as part of a suitable core category. Once entries have closed, if a category doesn’t have three eligible entrants, all images entered into the category will be judged in the associated core category:
- Portrait – Newborn (7), Family (8) and Pet/Animal (9)
- Documentary – Travel (10), Nature (11)
- Commercial, Illustrative, Wedding and Landscape have no associated categories.
HOW STRICT IS THE TWO YEAR RULE?
This is a very strict rule, with the 2 years being from the Close of Entries date. For example, if the Close of Entries for the Awards is August 10th, 2019 the images entered must have been taken AFTER August 10th 2017.
WHAT ARE THE RULES PERTAINING TO DIGITAL COMPOSITING?
Entries into the all categories allow for composited images, with the exclusion of Documentary, Nature, Travel and any Single Capture sub-categories.
Where further digital manipulation is allowed, digital technologies can be used to assemble images, manipulate and adjust photographic elements in any manner, but not to create new elements.
Re-photographing existing photographs or images for any purpose other than creating a supporting element or background will be disqualified, unless the existing image is the work of the entrant, 100% photographic and no older than 24 months from the Awards Close of Entry. Re-photographed images to create supporting elements or backgrounds either created by the entrant or by a third party (such as purchased physical backdrops, publicly displayed advertising, photographs or paintings) may help contribute to the narrative of the entry however they must not be the main subject or focus of the image. For example, a portrait of a soldier taken in front of a print of a WWII soldier may be acceptable, but entering a re-photographed print of the WWII portrait in its entirety is prohibited.
All entrants must be able to supply a copy or proof of each element used to create the final image (to prove its photographic origin) if requested. Failure to provide such proof may result in the disqualification of the entry.
Please click HERE to read more specific Compositing FAQs.
WHAT ARE THE PRE-PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR DOCUMENTARY, NATURE, AND TRAVEL?
Unless stated otherwise in the individual category rules, prohibited pre-production includes, but is not limited to, the following:
- Deliberately placing an object in the frame or directing someone to stand or sit in a particular location or pose.
- Manipulating environmental circumstances to create a predictable response from people or wildlife, this includes baiting or tethering.
WHAT ARE THE POST-PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR DOCUMENTARY, NATURE, AND TRAVEL?
- Compositing elements from multiple captures. An exception to this is Astrophotography, where multiple captures of the same element are required to allow enough stackable data to create a visible image.
- Altering the content of a picture by adding, rearranging, reversing, distorting or removing people and/or objects from within the frame.
- Images with special effects, borders, textures and added backgrounds.
- Changes in colour that results in significant changes in hue, to such an extent that the colours diverge from the original colours.
- Changes in density, contrast, colour and/or saturation levels that alter content by obscuring or eliminating backgrounds, and/or objects or people in the background of the picture.
It is not acceptable to remove things. This includes, but is not limited, to:
- Physical marks on the face or body of a subject
- Small objects in the picture
- Objects that may contravene the Nature category rules eg. fence posts or powerlines
- Reflected light spots or camera flare
- Extraneous items on an images border that could not be removed by cropping
It is not acceptable to add things. This includes, but is not limited, to:
- Cloning or adding objects, details & sky or other background elements
- Painting in object details & textures
- Photo montage
- Replicating material on the border of a picture to make a neat crop possible.
The Awards Committee reserves the right to request original RAW file(s), slide(s) or negative(s) and/or to disqualify images where post-processing is deemed to have exceeded acceptable photo-journalistic practices.
HOW ARE ANALOGUE AND HISTORICAL PROCESS PRINTS DEFINED?
Entries are first generation prints that do not involve any form of digital output. These may include fibre-based prints from negatives, carbon prints, salt prints, gum bichromates, platinum and palladium prints, Van Dyke Browns, cyanotypes, tintypes, bromoil prints, dye transfer prints, emulsion lifts and emulsion transfers and chromogenic prints
Negatives created via digital printing of the original image are permitted, so long as there is no manipulation of the RAW file beyond the enlargement and conversion to an inverse image (ie. basic contrast and negative filtrations).
Analogue and Historic Process photos can be entered into ANY category so long as they adhere to the image presentation requirements outlined on page 24 of the 2019 Epson State Awards Rules. That is, they must measure at least 26 cm on the longest side. APPA 2019 will see the new stand-alone Alternative Photographic Processes Award being introduced.
CAN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS BE ENTERED IN THE SINGLE-CAPTURE LANDSCAPE CATEGORY?
Aerial photography entries into the Landscape Category MUST be entered into the Aerial Landscape section for judging.
WHY CAN’T YOU ENTER ALBUMS OR BOOKS INTO THE STATE AWARDS?
At the State Awards level, there are not enough entries or qualified judges to make for a satisfactory competition so we have restricted this to a national level where the competition is Australia-wide.
WHAT ARE THE RULES PERTAINING TO DIPTYCHS, TRIPTYCHS AND SERIES?
These are permitted in all categories except for the Nature category.
Please read your category rules carefully. If you enter a ‘single capture’ category or sub-category, you may have diptychs, triptychs and series as long as each image presented is a single capture.
Please note that even though Nature is a single capture cateogry, diptychs, triptychs and series are NOT permitted in this category.
FOR THE FAMILY CATEGORY, WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF "IMMEDIATE FAMILY"?
The definition of an immediate family member includes:
- De facto partner
- Sibling, or
- Child, parent, grandparent, grandchild or sibling of the individual's spouse or de facto partner
This definition includes step-relations, for example step-parents and step-children.
CAN I USE DECORATIVE MARKINGS SUCH AS BORDERS, PATTERNS OR EMBOSSING ON THE IMAGE MAT OR IN THE IMAGE BOARDER?
No, unless the decorative elements are produced through 100% photographic technique or allowable through the specific category rules (see Commercial Category rules).
I AM A FIRST TIME AIPP MEMBER ENTRANT, WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW?
Please read the following page http://stateawards.aipp.com.au/FAQ-state/first-time-awards-entrant
DO I HAVE TO PROVIDE A USB WITH MY PRINTS IN 2019?
This year when you enter your AIPP Epson State Awards and / or APPA, you will be required to submit a USB thumb drive containing the original capture files of all photographic components of an image as proof of compliance with the rules, and terms and conditions of entry. These files should be RAW files, or JPEG/TIFF files created in-camera at the time of capture, which evidence all of the components within each submission. This USB should be included with your print case and securely labelled with your name and membership number.
CAN YOU ENTER PREVIOUS APPA IMAGES IN THE EPSON STATE AWARDS?
If your images has previously been entered into APPA it CANNOT be entered into your State Awards.
CAN I ENTER MULTIPLE EPSON STATE AWARDS?
Entrants can only enter ONE Epson State Awards per year and this must be the entrant's state of residence or AIPP Chapter.
CAN NON-AIPP-MEMBERS ENTER THE EPSON STATE AWARDS?
Yes, non-members can enter the Epson State Awards. Non-members can only enter up to four images in total.
To enter the awards as a non-member you must be a professional photographer. A professional photographer is defined as 'a photographer who earns (or who has earnt in one of the past three years) more than AUS$20,000 per annum from the profession of photography'.
DO I NEED TO PRINT IMAGES FOR THE EPSON STATE AWARDS?
The Epson State Awards are print awards and all categories require images to be printed and matted for judging.
WHAT IS THE MINIMUM SIZE REQUIREMENT OF MY IMAGES?
The visible image must be at least 26cms on the longest side. It is recommended to print the image slightly larger so when the matt is attached the visible image is still at least 26cms. There are further details on image requirements on pages 24 - 25 of the 2019 Epson State Awards Rules. You can also click HERE to read more about image size requirements.
DO I NEED AN OFFICIAL PRINT CASE?
Yes, you need an official print case when entering the Epson State Awards.
At the National Awards, we have over 800 entrants (therefore 800 cases) so, to make sure your images go back in the correct case and are sent back to you, this print case is essential.
The only exception to this rule is if you are a student and using your Educational Institution’s print case. If you are using the Educational Institution’s print case all images will be returned in this print case and delivered back to the school.
WHERE CAN I ORDER AN OFFICIAL PRINT CASE?
Please order a print case from the AIPP Store or call 1300 685 334 to speak to an Admin Member and place your order.
During peak awards periods we send print cases daily. To be safe please purchase your print case early and allow for Australia Post postage times.
DOES MY AWARDS ENTRY FEE INCLUDE THE RETURN POSTAGE?
For the National Awards (APPA) return postage is included in the entry fee. For State Awards, there is an additional fee of $17 to cover this cost.
SHOULD I PRINT MY PRINT LABELS IN COLOUR OR BLACK AND WHITE?
Please print your labels in colour.
DO I HAVE TO REGISTER ONLINE?
You need to complete the online entry for all entries. This online entry is the backbone of the awards system and images uploaded are used in live streaming of the awards and in promoting winning entries after the awards are complete.
DO I HAVE TO ENTER ALL IMAGES INTO THE SAME CATEGORY OR CAN THEY BE SPREAD ACROSS MULTIPLE CATEGORIES?
Images can be entered into multiple categories. At a National level, you could be eligible to win the Creative Photographer of the Year Award. The Creative category is not available at a State level. If you do enter four images into one category, and are accredited, you will be eligible for the Category Award prize.
For the Epson State Awards, accredited members are able to enter up to 12 images in total, with a maximum of four images into any one category.
IF I DON’T ENTER FOUR IMAGES, CAN I WIN THE CATEGORY?
If you don't enter four (4) images into the one category you can't win the category. Categories can only be won by an accredited or non-member that enters four images into the one category.
IF I ENTER ONE IMAGE INTO FOUR DIFFERENT CATEGORIES, AM I ELIGIBLE TO WIN A CATEGORY OR THE PPY?
No, you can't win a category at the Epson State Awards this way. Category winners are considered for Professional Photographer of the Year (PPY) so you therefore would not be eligible to win this either.
WHEN WILL WE KNOW THE JUDGING SCHEDULE?
We can't advise the judging schedule until after the Close of Entries. Once we know the number of entries in each category then the judging schedule will be announced by email, on the website and on social media.
WHAT ARE THE JUDGES LOOKING FOR?
The judges are given the following assessment criteria to consider when judging images:
- Communication & narrative skills
- Visual & emotional impact
- Composition & image design
- Timing, anticipation
- Processing, post-production & presentation
WHERE SHOULD I HAVE MY IMAGES PRINTED?
There are many printers in each state; the best place to ask is on the state Facebook pages.
HOW DO I FIND MY SCORES?
You can find your scores once judging is completed at https://awards.aipp.com.au under “My Results”.
HOW LONG UNTIL MY PRINT CASE IS RETURNED TO ME?
After the awards are completed they are sent to the post office the following day. It should take less than one week.Please send an email to email@example.com if your print case has not arrived ten days after the Awards are completed.
WHAT IS A PRINT CRITIQUE?
A print critique is held in your local state before the state and national awards.A print critique session gives you an opportunity to receive feedback on your images before entering them into the Awards.
STILL CAN'T FIND THE ANSWER YOU ARE LOOKING FOR?
The best course of action is to send an email with your question to firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can also call the Awards Phone on 0491 244 695. If the call is not answered, please leave a detailed voice message or feel free to put your question into a text to send to the same number and a member of the Awards Committee will respond as soon as possible.